The Resources Database provides a list of useful links to aid you in further reading and research. It is not intended to be exhaustive but suggestions for additions are most welcome: simply e-mail In particular, information on any university courses or academic research projects focused on democratic decay is welcome: see the feedback form below.

As emphasised elsewhere on this site, the Democratic Erosion website is highly recommended for those who wish to get a grasp of how this phenomenon is addressed in the social sciences and in media reports. This Democratic Decay Resource is intended to be a complementary tool for researchers. 



CODEMC - Research Group on the Constitution, Democracy and Crisis (CODEMC - Grupo de Estudos em Constituição, Democracia e Crise)

National Faculty of Law, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

Confronting the Decline of Constitutionalism: Reviving the Rule of Law Through Civil Society (CONstRuCt)

Central European University (CEU) (Hungary)

Constitutional populism: friend or foe of constitutional democracy?

Australian Research Council (ARC) - research will run from 2019 to 2021

CONSTRESS - Constitutionalism under Stress

CONSTRESS is a genuinely interdisciplinary endeavor, bringing together political scientists, political philosophers, sociologists and lawyers. It includes jointly taught seminars and workshops, open to MA- and PhD-students from different disciplines at Princeton and Humboldt University.

Contestations of the Liberal Script (SCRIPTS): Global Challenges for the Model of Liberal Democracy and Market Economy

Freie Universität Berlin, with 7 German academic partners and a range of cooperation partners worldwide

'Defending Democracy: Civil and Military Responses to Weaponized Information'

Princeton University (USA)


Democracy 2025 is an initiative of the Museum of Australian Democracy (MoAD) and the Institute for Governance and Policy Analysis at the University of Canberra (UC-IGPA) aimed at is strengthening democratic practice in Australia through research, dialogue and innovation.

DEMOS: Democratic Efficiency and the Varieties of Populism in Europe

Horizon 2020 - Explores the practical value of ’democratic efficacy’ as the condition of political engagement needed to address the challenge of populism. The concept combines attitudinal features (political efficacy), political skills, knowledge, and democratic opportunity structures.

Direct Democracy and Populism in Europe

Centre for Democracy Studies in Aarau (ZDA), University of Zurich (note: link is to a job posting; no other English-language information appears available at present)

Fascism and International Law

Melbourne Law School (DECRA project under PI Dr Rose Parfitt) (Australia)

Fatigue project - Delayed Transformational Fatigue in Central and Eastern Europe: Responding to the Rise of Illiberalism/Populism

Horizon 2020 (EU) - 6 partner universities across EU

Illiberal constitutionalism in Poland and Hungary

National Science Centre, Poland, under researchers Prof. Tímea Drinóczi and Prof. Agnieszka Bień-Kacała

Judges under Stress - the Breaking Point of Judicial institutions (JuS)

University of Oslo (Norway)

NORFACE: Democratic governance in a turbulent age

Horizon 2020 (EU) - call issued December 2018 for applications

Parliaments Under Fire

School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London - supported by British Academy Rising Star Engagement Award (held by Dr Ben Noble)

Political Concepts in the World – Rule of law and constitutionalism

University of Aberdeen (Scotland, UK)

Political Concepts in the World – Sovereignty and the state

University of Aberdeen (Scotland, UK)

Populist rebellion against modernity in 21st-century Eastern Europe: neo-traditionalism and neo-feudalism (POPREBEL)

Horizon 2020 (EU) - 6 universities from Central and Eastern Europe

RECONNECT (Reconciling Europe with its Citizens through Democracy and Rule of Law)

Horizon 2020 (EU) - 18 partner universities across EU + Israel

Reshaping European Democracy 

Carnegie Democracy and Rule of Law Program - USA

re:constitution – Exchange and Analysis on Democracy and Rule of Law in Europe

Joint initiative by Democracy Reporting International (DRI) and Forum Transregionale Studien (FTS) to improve European exchanges on constitutional law and values that leads from common words to shared, concrete, concepts.

know of a course or research project?

If you are teaching a course or leading a research project concerning democratic decay, or are aware of such a course or project, please provide the details using the form below.

Name *
Please enter here any relevant details including the length of the course, level (undergarduate, postgraduate), staff teaching on the course, whether it forms part of a cross-disciplinary or cross-university collaboration


training projects

European Judicial Training Network (EJTN) Rule of Law Project

October 2018-March 2019


C-REX - Center for Research on Extremism

University of Oslo (UiO)

Center for Analaysis of the Radical Right (CARR)

Center directed by Prof. Matthew Feldman (Professorial Fellow, University of York) and Steering Group

Center for Constitutional Studies and Democratic Development

Research partnership between University of Bologna School of Law, Italy, and the Johns Hopkins University

Centre on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law (CDDRL)

Stanford University

Constitution Transformation Network (ConTransNet)

Melbourne Law School, Australia

Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence: 'EU Global Leadership in the Rule of Law'

University of Zagreb (announced September 2018)

Karsh Center for Law and Democracy

University of Virginia Law School, USA

School of Transnational Governance (STG)

European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy



Australian Political Science Association (APSA) - Journal Ranking 2019

Constitute Project

Center for Analysis of the Radical Right (CARR) - Full Bibliography

C-REX Nordic Right-Wing Populism Bibliography

Democratic Erosion

How to Save a Constitutional Democracy (book website)

Involve UK (database of citizens’ assemblies)

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law (MPECCoL)

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law

Oxford Bibliographies - 'Democracy' (and International Law)

Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law

Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies

Palgrave Macmillan Series: The Theories, Concepts and Practices of Democracy

Party Facts: A database of political parties worldwide

The PopuList (overview of populist, far right, far left and Eurosceptic parties in Europe since 1998)

Routledge Studies in Fascism and the Far Right

Rule of Law in Poland (English-language information by Polish analysts)

Ben Stanley - personal website and blogs (populism and Poland research)

Venice Commission CODICES Constitutional Case-Law Database

V-Forecast: Predicting Adverse Regime Transitions (PART) (V-dem)

WHO Governs: Party Systems and Governments Observatory



Common Market Law Review (CMLR)

Communist and Post-Communist Studies

Democratic Theory


Foreign Policy

Global Constitutionalism

Hague Journal on the Rule of Law

International Journal of Constitutional Law (ICON)

Journal of Common Market Studies

Journal of Democracy

Journal of European Public Policy

NOMOS: Yearbook of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy

Nuovi Autoritarismi e Democrazie: Diritto, Istituzioni, Società? (New Authoritarian Regimes and Democracies: Law, Institutions, Society - publishes in several languages including English)

Perspectives on Politics

West European Politics



Balkinization (Jack Balkin - US)

blogdroiteuropéen (Europe)

Caracas Chronicles: Making Venezuela Make Sense

Constitutionally Speaking (South Africa)

DemocraciaAbierta (OpenDemocracy - Americas & Europe)

Democratic Audit (UK)

Democratic Erosion blog (Global)

EJIL: Talk! (international law)

International Association of Constitutional Law (IACL) blog (Global)

ICONnect blog (Global)

Jota (Brazil)

oD blog (OpenDemocracy - Global)

Opinio Juris (international law and international relations)

Personal Blog of Dr Radosveta Vassileva: Rule of Law, Human Rights and Democracy in Bulgaria and Beyond

Populism Observer on Populism (POP) (Global)

The Orange Files: Notes on Illiberal Democracy in Hungary

Venezuelan Politics and Human Rights Blog

Verfassungsblog (Global - strong Europe focus)

WZB Democracy Blog (Global - strong Europe focus)


podcasts & web series

Democracy for the Desperate (mini web series)

EU Scream: The Podcast on Europe and Its Political Extremes

The Good Fight (Yascha Mounk)

How to Fix Democracy podcast (Humanity in Action)

IFES Dialogues on Democracy

Journal of Democracy Podcast

NED Power 3.0 Authoritarian Resurgence, Democratic Resilience

RECONNECT Webinar Series on issues related to democratic decay and rule of law backsliding

Survival Guide to Authoritarianism (video series - Liberties)

TED Radio Hour - 'Democracy on Trial' (series)

University of Oxford - 'Democracy' (collection)

World Justice Project - Rule of Law Talk podcast


leading GLOBAL democracy indices

Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index

Freedom House - Freedom in the World

International IDEA - The Global State of Democracy

POLITY Project

V-Dem (Varieties of Democracy)


additional indices & RESOURCES

Authoritarian Warning Survey (USA)

DemocraCE Project - Media cooperation project (Visegrad Insight)

Democracy Digest (National Endowment for Democracy-USA)

Democracy Threat Index (Protect Democracy)

Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) (Mo Ibrahim Foundation)

Nations In Transit (post-Communist states) (Freedom House)

Populism Project - The Guardian

Timbro Authoritarian Populism Index



Afrobarometer (NGO-university produced - pan-African)

Asiabarometer (government-civil society produced - covers East, Southeast, South and Central Asia)

Edelman Trust Barometer (global communications marketing firm-measures trust in business, government, NGOs and media)

Eurobarometer (European Commission - EU states)

Europulse (omnibus survey covering 28 EU states and 21 languages)

Latinobarómetro (NGO-produced-18 Latin American states)

Mood of the Nation Poll (US) - McCourtney Institute for Democracy

World Values Survey (academic-produced - global)


policy bodies & think-tanks

Arab Association of Constitutional Law (AACL)

Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law

Carnegie Democracy and Rule of Law Program

Democracy Reporting International (DRI)



Open Society Foundations


ADVOCACY & CAMPAIGN organisations

Defending Democracy

Defending Democracy Together (US Republicans and conservatives)

DiEM25: Democracy in Europe Movement 2025 (Civil Liberties union for Europe)

Our Democracy 2018

Parliamentarians for Global Action (PGA)

Protect Democracy

Scholars at Risk Network

governmental & intergovernmental organisations

African Union - African Governance Architecture (AGA)


Council of Europe

European Union (EU)

International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)


National Endowment for Democracy (US) 

Organisation of American States (OAS)

Venice Commission (Council of Europe)



African Charter on Democracy, Elections, and Governance 2007 (AU)

ECOWAS Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance 2001

Harare Commonwealth Declaration 1991

Human Rights Council (UN) Resolutions: Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable Order

Inter-American Democratic Charter 2001 (OAS)

Rule of Law Checklist (Venice Commission)

Universal Declaration on Democracy 1997 (UN-Inter-Parliamentary Council)