This section provides a list of useful links to aid you in further reading and research. It is not intended to be exhaustive but suggestions for additions are most welcome: simply e-mail In particular, information on any university courses or academic research projects focused on democratic decay is welcome: see the feedback form below.

As emphasised elsewhere on this site, the Democratic Erosion website is highly recommended for those who wish to get a grasp of how this phenomenon is addressed in the social sciences and in media reports. This Democratic Decay Resource is intended to be a complementary tool for researchers. 



Confronting the Decline of Constitutionalism: Reviving the Rule of Law Through Civil Society (CONstRuCt)

Central European University (CEU) (Hungary)

Fascism and International Law

Melbourne Law School (DECRA project under PI Dr Rose Parfitt)

Fatigue project - Delayed Transformational Fatigue in Central and Eastern Europe: Responding to the Rise of Illiberalism/Populism

Horizon 2020 (EU) - 6 partner universities across EU

CODEMC - Research Group on the Constitution, Democracy and Crisis (CODEMC - Grupo de Estudos em Constituição, Democracia e Crise)

National Faculty of Law, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Judges under Stress - the Breaking Point of Judicial institutions (JuS)

University of Oslo (Norway)

Political Concepts in the World – Rule of law and constitutionalism

University of Aberdeen

Political Concepts in the World – Sovereignty and the state

University of Aberdeen

Populist rebellion against modernity in 21st-century Eastern Europe: neo-traditionalism and neo-feudalism' (POPREBEL)

Horizon 2020 (EU) - 6 universities from Central and Eastern Europe

RECONNECT (Reconciling Europe with its Citizens through Democracy and Rule of Law)

Horizon 2020 (EU) - 18 partner universities across EU + Israel

Reshaping European Democracy 

Carnegie Democracy and Rule of Law Program - USA

know of a course or research project?

If you are teaching a course or leading a research project concerning democratic decay, or are aware of such a course or project, please provide the details using the form below.

Name *
Please enter here any relevant details including the length of the course, level (undergarduate, postgraduate), staff teaching on the course, whether it forms part of a cross-disciplinary or cross-university collaboration


training projects

European Judicial Training Network (EJTN) Rule of Law Project

October 2018-March 2019


C-REX - Center for Research on Extremism

University of Oslo (UiO)

Center for Analaysis of the Radical Right (CARR)

Center directed by Prof. Matthew Feldman (Professorial Fellow, University of York) and Steering Group

Center for Constitutional Studies and Democratic Development

Research partnership between University of Bologna School of Law, Italy, and the Johns Hopkins University

Centre on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law (CDDRL)

Stanford University

Constitution Transformation Network (ConTransNet)

Melbourne Law School, Australia

Karsh Center for Law and Democracy

University of Virginia Law School, USA

School of Transnational Governance (STG)

European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy



Constitute Project

Center for Analysis of the Radical Right (CARR) - Full Bibliography

Democratic Erosion

How to Save a Constitutional Democracy (book website)

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law (MPECCoL)

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law

Oxford Bibliographies - 'Democracy' (and International Law)

Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law

Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies

Routledge Studies in Fascism and the Far Right

Venice Commission CODICES Constitutional Case-Law Database



Common Market Law Review (CMLR)

Communist and Post-Communist Studies

Democratic Theory


Foreign Policy

Global Constitutionalism

Hague Journal on the Rule of Law

International Journal of Constitutional Law (ICON)

Journal of Common Market Studies

Journal of Democracy

Journal of European Public Policy



Balkinization (Jack Balkin - US)

blogdroiteuropéen (Europe)

Constitutionally Speaking (South Africa)

DemocraciaAbierta (OpenDemocracy - Americas & Europe)

Democratic Erosion blog (Global)

EJIL: Talk! (international law)

International Association of Constitutional Law (IACL) blog (Global)

ICONnect blog (Global)

Jota (Brazil)

oD blog (OpenDemocracy - Global)

Opinio Juris (international law and international relations)

Personal Blog of Dr Radosveta Vassileva: Rule of Law, Human Rights and Democracy in Bulgaria and Beyond

Populism Observer on Populism (POP) (Global)

The Orange Files: Notes on Illiberal Democracy in Hungary

Verfassungsblog (Global - strong Europe focus)

WZB Democracy Blog (Global - strong Europe focus)


podcasts & web series

Democracy for the Desperate (mini web series)

EU Scream: The Podcast on Europe and Its Political Extremes

IFES Dialogues on Democracy

Journal of Democracy Podcast

NED Power 3.0 Authoritarian Resurgence, Democratic Resilience

The Good Fight (Yascha Mounk)

Survival Guide to Authoritarianism (video series - Liberties)

TED Radio Hour - 'Democracy on Trial' (series)

University of Oxford - 'Democracy' (collection)

World Justice Project - Rule of Law Talk podcast


leading GLOBAL democracy indices

Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index

Freedom House - Freedom in the World

International IDEA - The Global State of Democracy

POLITY Project

V-Dem (Varieties of Democracy)


additional indices & RESOURCES

Authoritarian Warning Survey (USA)

Democracy Digest (National Endowment for Democracy-USA)

Democracy Threat Index (Protect Democracy)

Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) (Mo Ibrahim Foundation)

Nations In Transit (post-Communist states) (Freedom House)

Populism Project - The Guardian

Timbro Authoritarian Populism Index



Afrobarometer (NGO-university produced - pan-African)

Asiabarometer (government-civil society produced - covers East, Southeast, South and Central Asia)

Edelman Trust Barometer (global communications marketing firm-measures trust in business, government, NGOs and media)

Eurobarometer (European Commission - EU states)

Europulse (omnibus survey covering 28 EU states and 21 languages)

Latinobarómetro (NGO-produced-18 Latin American states)

World Values Survey (academic-produced - global)


policy bodies & think-tanks

Arab Association of Constitutional Law (AACL)

Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law

Carnegie Democracy and Rule of Law Program

Democracy Reporting International (DRI)


Open Society Foundations


ADVOCACY & CAMPAIGN organisations

Defending Democracy (Civil Liberties union for Europe)

Our Democracy 2018

Protect Democracy

Scholars at Risk Network

governmental & intergovernmental organisations

African Union - African Governance Architecture (AGA)


Council of Europe

European Union (EU)

International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)


National Endowment for Democracy (US) 

Organisation of American States (OAS)

Venice Commission (Council of Europe)



African Charter on Democracy, Elections, and Governance 2007 (AU)

ECOWAS Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance 2001

Harare Commonwealth Declaration 1991

Human Rights Council (UN) Resolutions: Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable Order

Inter-American Democratic Charter 2001 (OAS)

Rule of Law Checklist (Venice Commission)

Universal Declaration on Democracy 1997 (UN-Inter-Parliamentary Council)